Carnatic Ragas

Raga List

Carnatic Scale - NATABHAIRAVI (C)

C
 - 
D
 - 
D#
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F
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G
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G#
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A#
 - 
C
Sa
-
Ri2
-
Ga2
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Ma1
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Pa
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Dha1
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Ni2
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Sa
The 20th melakarta ragam of the Carnatic genre Natabhairavi finds its counterpart in Asaavari, the sixth thaat (parent raga) in Hindustani music scheme. Occurring in the second place in the Veda chakram (fourth corresponding to chaturveda), the Natabhairavi in the MuthuswamiDikshitar school was referred to as Nariritigowla (which was classified as asampoornamelakarta). It corresponds to the natural minor scale of the western music system. Like all parent ragas, it carries the sapthaswara in the following mode: shadjam (sa), chathusrutirishabam (ri2), sadharanagandharam (ga2), shuddhamadhyamam (ma1), shuddhadaivatam (dha1) and kaisikanishadam (ni2) and of course Sa. Despite its placement in the melakarta chart and uniformly spaced out swarasthanams, Natabhairavi hardly finds a place of import in concert singing as a center-piece unlike its pratimadhyama (ma2) equivalent Shanmukhapriya (56 melakarta). The ragam as such evokes grandeur and devotion.
In fact, the offshoot ragams of this melakarta are more popular and carry an import like for instance the Bhairavi, Anandabhairavi, Saramati, Jaunpuri and Jayanthasri. There are a number of old Malayalam hits based on Natabhairavi like Ramayana Katte (Abhimaneu), Sangeethame (Sargam, OridathuJananam (Ashwamedham)..
On the other hand, Asaavari is a popular thaat raag in Hindustani concerts and comes under the ragini(female) section. It corresponds to the Aeolian mode (one of the seven Greek modes) which accounts for its popularity in Western music too. The aaroh goes thus: Sa, Re, ma, Pa, dha, Sa while the avaroh is Sa, ne, dha, Pa, ma, ga, Re, Sa. The Vadi note is the komaldhaivath (flat sixth) while the Samvadi is komalgaandhar (flat third). The raag belongs to the audav-sampoornjathi (five notes in the ascent and seven in the descent). While the gaandhar, dhaivath and nishaadh are komal or flat swar, the other notes are full or shuddhswar. This rather melancholic raag sets in a mood of love (yearning) and consequent anguish and is placed in the mid-morning prahaar. Derivative raags of Asaavarithaat are Jaunpuri and what is called ‘komalrishabh Asavari as well as Darbari Kanada (also in Carnatic). A few Hindi hits from films based on Asaavari or mishrAsaavari are Lo aa gayiunkiyaad (Do badan) and more recently Jaadooterinazar (Darr).

See the similarities

Natural minor https://musiclegato.com/Tutorial/Chords.aspx?ky=C&sty=Natural+minor&pat=1-3-4-6-8-9-11-13&comb=&tp=1&idx=1

Aeolian mode https://musiclegato.com/Tutorial/Chords.aspx?ky=C&sty=Aeolian&pat=1-3-4-6-8-9-11-13&comb=&tp=1&idx=17
 
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